Theroies with problems By Kieth Mayes
The Big Bang, Quantum Mechanics, Relativity, Time, Light Speed, Gravity, Electromagnetism, all have their theories that attempt to explain why these things are the way they are. These theories form part of our understanding of the fundamental laws of the universe, but are of course unable to provide all the answers we seek.
All theories have problems in that they cannot be proven to be absolutely correct, they do not necessarily accurately describe the way things really are. They are constructed as a working model that is a useful aid to our understanding, of observed phenomenon and as a method of predicting future outcomes. When a theory is found to be wrong, it is either discarded, or as is more generally the case, modified, until it again appears to match the observations. A theory, no matter how well it appears to accurately describe any phenomenon, is provisional, it can never be proven to be completly correct, but it may be proven wrong. It will therefore always be impossible to claim a final theoretical solution to anything.
"As being is to becoming, so is truth to belief. If then, Socrates, amid the many opinions about the gods and the generation of the universe, we are not able to give notions which are altogether and in every respect exact and consistent with one another, do not be surprised. Enough if we deduce probabilities as likely as any others; for we must remember that I who am the speaker and you who are the judges are only mortal men". (Plato)
"Although the universe is under no obligation to make sense, students in pursuit of the Ph.D. are". (Robert P. Kirshner)
Many people today seem to believe that just about everything in physics and cosmology is pretty much wrapped up, with just a few loose ends to tidy up. Far from it, the deeper I delve into theories the more I discover how much is not understood, it has often surprised me.
We need to be very careful in drawing any conclusions from the results of these experiments. All we can say with any confidence is that if we set up the apparatus in a certain way it will produce a certain result. How we interpret those results, the meanings that we attach to them, is nothing more than our way of attempting to make sense of them, and need have no relationship at all to the actual reality of the situation. To imagine that a probability wave passes through both slits in the double slit experiment helps us to understand what may be happening, but it is in fact nothing more than proposing an idea that meets the criteria of what has been observed; there may be no such thing as a probability wave. It may be the case that we are completely missing some fundamental property of particles, a property that as yet remains undetected by our equipment and experiments. There may be things going on that we are completely unaware of.
What quantum mechanics tell us is that nothing is real and that we cannot say anything about what things are doing when we are not looking at them. In the world of quantum mechanics, the laws of physics that are familiar from the everyday world no longer work. Instead, events are governed by probabilities. Einstein was so disgusted by the whole notion that he made his famous remark, "Quantum mechanics is very impressive. But an inner voice tells me that it is not yet the real thing. The theory produces a good deal but hardly brings us closer to the secrets of the Old One. I am at all events convinced that He does not play dice".
This stuff is beyond my knowledge base but as I understand the question is 'can mathematics or equations prove anything beyond a shadow of a doubt or is it also just a theory'. Is it man's imput gets answer man wants?